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Sunday, September 16, 2012

Black Orchids

black orchirds
Black Orchid is a species of orchid aprotected in Indonesia as threatened with extinction in their natural habitat. Black orchid which in Latin is called Coelogyne pandurata a floral identity (mascot) East Kalimantan province. Black orchid populations (Coelogyne pandurata) in their natural habitat (wild) are increasingly rare and quite dramatically decreased due to shrinking forest cover and hunting for sale to collectors of orchids.
 
Black orchids included in group simpodial with swollen bulb shape on the bottom and leaves sticking out on it. Each bulb has only two leaves only. The leaves themselves briefly looked like as a young coconut leaf buds.
Black orchid (Coelogyne pandurata), as the name implies, has the characteristic of interest has a tongue (labellum) is black. This rare orchid in English called "Black Orchid". While in East Kalimantan, which is rare Black Orchid has a local name "Kersik Luai".
Although identical to the Borneo black orchid but this orchid species than in the wild Borneo also grows wild in Sumatra, the Malay Peninsula and Mindanao, Luzon and the island of Samar Island Philippines.

Black Orchids traits.
This orchid species called black orchid because it has tongue (labellum) is black with a few green stripes and fluffy. The number of flowers in each cluster between 1 to 14 petals or more. The center line of each flower about 10 cm. Leaf-shaped petals lanceolate, tapering, light green colored, long 5-6 cm, width 2 -3 cm. Lancet-shaped corolla pale green tapering lip resembles a violin, the middle there is a 1 groove, crimp edges, colored black or dark brown.

Black orchid leaf green oval with a length ranging from 40-50 cm and a width of between 2 -10 cm. While the black orchid-shaped fruit with a long oblong about 7 cm wide and between 2-3 cm. Of the total interest is not much into fruit.
Characteristic of other black orchid which distinguish other types of orchids are fragrant odor issued. Usually plants that bloom in March to June. As black orchid orchids in general, riding on growing other plants (epiphytes). Usually these rare orchids attached to the old tree living in coastal areas or swamps.
Black orchid (Coelogyne pandurata) grows in the shade. Generally orchid species into the fauna of East Kalimantan's identity grows in lowland old trees, near the beach or in low-lying swampy areas were pretty hot and near rivers in the wet forests.

Plants are epiphytic (live aboard in other plants) is to multiply by seed. However, the black orchid can also be propagated by separating the quasi bulbs.
The Black Orchid Wild Tenebrous. Black orchid populations (Coelogyne pandurata) in the wild habitat is increasingly rare. Although, according to Government Regulation No. 7 of 1999 orchids are protected and prohibited free trade (except for captive breeding), but hunting to take and sell this type of orchid to orchid collectors not subsided.
In addition, the transfer of functions from the forest to plantations and settlements and forest fires that occur each year is made of black orchid populations in the wild are threatened of extinction.
Perhaps the lovers and collectors of orchids before buying a black orchid must be scrupulous, whether black orchid purchased it or the results of captive hunting of wild. Although many orchid lovers who collect black orchid, but the extinction of this species in the wild remains a great loss for biodeversity Indonesia. Do not let the orchid lovers became the main cause of extinction of black orchids in the wild.

Scientific classification: Kingdom: Plantae; Division: Magnoliophyta; Grade: Liliopsida; Order: Asparagales; Family: Orchidaceae; Genus: Coelogyne; Species: Coelogyne pandurata; binomial name: Coelogyne pandurataBaru!Klik ka

Thursday, September 13, 2012

TIPS TO MAINTAIN ORCHID DILIGENT FLOWERING

orchid flower

The most interesting and important part of the orchid is a flower, but unfortunately we often find that lazy orchid flower to flower. Is there something wrong?

Caring for orchids tricky and required experience and discipline. To create a diligent flowering orchids also necessary elements of caring affection. One of the most important factors to be diligent flowering orchid is the selection of orchid seeds. Some traits of the orchid is blooming orchid lot, large flowering, brightly colored flowers and flowers durable.

Several factors need to be taken to ensure that diligent flowering orchids are:
1.The house is protected as appropriate. Orchids should be placed in a home that intensity cahanya 50-70%, then the roof of the house should be protected paranet.
   
2. Preparation of orchids. To be diligent orchids flowering plants should also be considered drafting, drafting shelves should be placed flat orchid with a height of 1 m, and do not put a tiered because it would interfere with air circulation.
   
3. Humidity. To be diligent flowering orchids needed humidity between 60-80%. In order to maintain the humidity below the rack can be made with or manufactured home in fog protected by the installation of sprinkle.
     
4.Growing media. The ideal planting medium for making diligent flowering orchids arranged two parts. 1/3 the bottom is filled with pieces of brick and 2/3 the rest use ferns.
     
5.Construction pot. Pot is also greatly affected the flowering of orchids so diligent. The most used is the ideal pot pots made of clay and a lot of the hole.
     
6.Watering. To be very diligent flowering orchids to consider the problem of water content of the medium. If hot weather is needed watering 2 times and if it does not have to pass the rainy weather watering. The very need to note is the water content media. The ideal watering time is at 07-09 am and 03-05 pm.
    
7. Fertilization. The primary key diligent flowering orchid fertilizer that is the fertilizer to the content of high P nutrients. Fertilization can be given through spraying / watering can also use a slow release fertilizer sprinkled on orchid growing media.
     
8.Giving or hormone ZPT. To make diligent flowering orchids sometimes required giving PGR or hormones. That can be used to stimulate flowering orchids are Gibberellins. Can also use coconut water with a concentration of 15% (150 ml coconut water is 1 liter spray solution)
   
9. Pest and disease control. As with other plants orchids Takan also spared from pests and diseases. Daily observations are the best way to prevent orchid pests and diseases. To make diligent orchid flowering orchid plants should be cleaned of dirt, weeds and rotting leaves. The use of insecticides when infestations, mold fungicide and bactericide if attacked when attacked by bacteria.

10. Hopefully the article above may slightly increase the knowledge of the orchid lovers

Tuesday, May 22, 2012

How often should I be fertilizing my orchids?


Be sure to use an orchid food that is formulated for orchids and follow the instructions on the label. In general, most orchid fertilizers recommend usage once a month. Less frequent fertilizing may stunt growth and inhibit flowering; more frequent fertilizing may burn the roots and leaves and inhibit flowering. For complete step-by-step instructions on how to feed your orchids.
Be sure to use an orchid food that is formulated for orchids and follow the label instructions. In general, most orchid fertilizers recommend use once a month. Less frequent fertilizing may stunt growth and inhibit flowering, more frequent fertilizing may burn the roots and leaves and inhibit flowering. For complete step-by-step instructions on how to feed your orchids.

Sunday, May 20, 2012

How often should I water my orchid?

We often make the mistake of assuming that orchids  they must be watered several times a week. Unfortunately, watering orchids frequently will kill the roots of any orchid in short order. The general rule for orchids growing in the home is to water every 5 to 12 days, depending on the type of orchid, the temperature the plant is grown in, and the time of year. During the warm summer months when days are long, more frequent watering is required than in the cooler, shorter days of winter.

There are three basic types of orchids, as far as watering is concerned: those that should be kept evenly moist at all times; those that should be allowed to nearly dry out between waterings, except when in active growth; and those that should always be allowed to dry out a bit between waterings. The guidelines below list the major varieties of orchid in each type.

Varieties to keep evenly moist (not soggy or wet) at all times:
Paphiopedilum, Miltonia, Cymbidium, Odontoglossum,

Varieties to keep evenly moist during active growth, allowed to dry out between waterings when not:
Cattleya, Oncidium, Brassia, Dendrobium.

Varieties to keep nearly dry between waterings:
Phalaenopsis, Vanda, Ascocenda.